Greenhouses provide a controlled and sheltered environment, where, as a gardener, you can have some kind of influence on the conditions available for your plants. You can get a growing season that lasts longer, you can grow plants that are usually outside the growth zone, and protect your tender saplings and delicate new plants. You can create a nourishing and ideal growing zone where your plants can flourish.
Now that you have set up your greenhouse structure and planted the seeds, waiting for your precious little plants to appear can be quite an anxious time. In the meantime, you need to provide your plants with a conducive environment where they can grow and thrive. Among all things, the watering system of your greenhouse is a very critical part of creating the ideal growing conditions for your greenhouse garden.
Irrigation for your greenhouse
You can make use of a professional piping system to bring water into your greenhouse or the water can be brought in via a drip system or a simple hose pipe. Whatever method you decide to use to irrigate your greenhouse, the timing, the amount of water flow and the kind of delivery are all an integral part of the greenhouse irrigation.
Simple watering system for your greenhouse
All the plants in your greenhouse must be watered regularly. You can have a sophisticated underground plumbing for the purpose of irrigation or just a simple spraying system with a hose, for more info check out https://www.greenhousestores.co.uk/Greenhouses-For-Sale/. You can also carry the water in containers and use the basic hand watering method. But this can get rather tiring.
A very simple method of irrigation is making use of capillary mats. You can simply place these mats under the flats and pots. Water seeps from the capillary mats very slowly, which is taken up to the plants via the drip holes in the containers. This method is known as sub-irrigation and helps a great deal in preventing the overwatering of plants which promote fungal disease and rot and also helps to reduce evaporation. The surplus water can be collected by a flood floor or plastic liners and directed back into the system and reused for watering the other greenhouse plants.
All the plants in the greenhouse will not need the same amount of water nor will the frequency of watering for all plants be the same. Also, if you underwater or overwater the plants, it can be a problem and cause the plants to be unhealthy. You can easily prevent this by installing a simple drip irrigation system in your greenhouse. The drip system can be utilized to direct the small or large flows of water directly to the flats or pots. You can also use a flow gauge or a timer to regulate the flow of water.
The drip irrigation system begins with a base line and has secondary feeder lines. A micro-tubing is connected from the peripheral feeder line that is directed towards the root line of the plant in the soil. The micro-tubing can be added or removed as required and spray or drip heads can be used to supply the required amount of water to each plant. The drip irrigation method is a very easy system to set up and maintain and a fairly inexpensive way to water your greenhouse plants.
Greenhouse watering tips
Even if your irrigation system set up is very basic and rudimentary, you can use some of these tips to manage the watering of your greenhouse plants more efficiently and professionally.
• You can group all the plants with similar watering requirements together and water them at the same time.
• When watering your plants, make sure that you use 10%-15% extra water than the pot can accommodate and you can then make use of a collection mat to collect the surplus runoff water.
• If your greenhouse does not have the same kind of plants, then do not make use of an overhead watering system. This is simply a waste of precious water and may not be effective if you have a variety of different plants in the greenhouse with varying watering requirements.
• Make sure that you have a collection tank installed to collect the recycled water, which can be re-used. In order to reduce your water utility bill, you can connect your drip irrigation system to a natural pond, rain harvesting pit or a rain barrel.
You may take a while to settle into your greenhouse watering routine. Once you have determined the watering requirements of the various plants in your greenhouse and you are able to handle the excess moisture, you can determine the frequency and duration of watering and the irrigation process can be automated by using a timer or any other simple control mechanism. This can reduce the need to carry the water and water the plants by hand, which can be a gruelling and time-consuming proposition.